Whether you have a pond at home or own one commercially, managing fish in a natural setting can be harder than it sounds. There’s more to the well-being of fish than just throwing them in some water. To make your endeavor successful, it’s best to understand their world.
Do They Get Along?
You may be thinking about stocking your body of water with lots of different kinds of fish. If you are, good work! Biodiversity is a positive thing, but you should put careful thought into what species of fish you put together. Certain pairings can leave you with less fish than you started with or contribute to an unhealthy pond. You should also consider researching what fish are recommended for your region.
Fish are ectotherms; this means that what is in the water is also in your fish. So if you eat what you catch, this can be of particular concern. The relationship between plant, animal and water is a delicate one. Things like oxygen, pH and ammonia all come into play to support a thriving watery world. There are plenty of at-home kits you can buy to test for various gauges of water quality, and plenty of services that offer aquatic weed control if you discover a problem.
Depending on where you are, winter and summer can be touchy times for your pond. Temperature plays a big role in oxygen level, so it’s best if your pond does not get too hot or freeze over. One way to help combat overheating is by providing shade. This can be done by planting a riparian buffer of appropriate plants and trees. Your fish will love this, too. If you are in an area where your pond will freeze over, consider installing an aerator to keep oxygen flowing.
Entering the world of fish and pond management is a challenging but worthwhile one. Have fun learning new things about your scaly friends while giving them the best home possible!